Authors: Ruiz-Clavijo, A; Caballero-Calero, O; Navas, D; Ordonez-Cencerrado, AA; Blanco-Portals, J; Peiro, F; Sanz, R; Martin-Gonzalez, M

Adv. Electron. Mater.. vol: 8. page: 2199-160X.
Date: OCT. 2022.
Doi: 10.1002/aelm.202200342.

Understanding the interactions among magnetic nanostructures is one of the key factors to predict and control the advanced functionalities of 3D integrated magnetic nanostructures. In this work, the focus is on different interconnected Ni nanowires forming an intricate, but controlled, and ordered magnetic system: Ni 3D Nanowire Networks (3DNNs). These self-ordered systems present striking anisotropic magnetic responses, depending on the interconnections’ position between nanowires. To understand their collective magnetic behavior, the magnetization reversal processes are studied within different Ni 3D Nanowire Networks compared to the 1D nanowire 1DNW array counterparts. The systems are characterized at different angles using first magnetization curves, hysteresis loops, and First Order Reversal Curves techniques, which provided information about the key features that enable macroscopic tuning of the magnetic properties of the 3D nanostructures. In addition, micromagnetic simulations endorse the experiments, providing accurate modeling of their magnetic behavior. The results reveal a plethora of magnetic interactions, neither evident nor intuitive, which are the main role players controlling the collective response of the system. The results pave the way for the design and realization of 3D novel metamaterials and devices based on the nucleation and propagation of ferromagnetic domain walls both in 3D self-ordered systems and future nano-lithographed devices..